Despite a post-BGS retreat, New Jersey SREC prices have climbed steadily since the beginning of the spring through much of Q2 2016, retesting four-year highs for front-of-the-curve vintages.
This past December, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo directed the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) to design and enact a new Clean Energy Standard (CES), mandating that 50% of all electricity consumed in New York must come from a renewable energy source by 2030. The CES is the planned successor to the New York Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), which expired at the end of February, 2016.
In the following research report, Karbone provides preliminary analysis of the potential impact this new market design will have on the renewable energy market outlook in New York.
A group of policy makers in Maryland gathered in December to draft a plan to expand and accelerate the state’s existing Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) program. Introduced as amendments to the Maryland Clean Energy Jobs Act of 2016, a draft of the proposal circulated in the marketplace early last month. On February 5th, S.B. 921 was introduced in the Senate, proposing to boostthe current RPS to a 25% goal by 2020 from the current mandate of 20% by 2022.
While NEPOOL Class I REC pricing saw a retreat in 2015 compared to 2014, prices for the spot vintages in all markets (except Maine) remained robust near their newly established low-$50sresistance level. NEPOOL Class I REC pricing tracked within 95% of their respective ACPs in 2013 and most of 2014, bringing into focus assumptions of persistent undersupply. Nevertheless, as REC generation increased in 2015, the NEPOOL Class I REC market became adequately supplied and REC prices pulled back.
New Jersey SREC pricing has reached four-year highs, recording levels not seen since December 2011. Breaking through what appeared to be 2015’s $250 resistance level in early November, front-of-the-curve pricing and liquidity have strengthened ostensibly through the end of the year and start of 2016. The first week of January saw EY2016 and EY2017 SRECs trade north of $290 before settling in the $285 context by the week’s end. In light of the considerable surplus of SRECs in circulation, this price rally seems to render the market paradoxical.
After the recent failure of the Massachusetts legislature to pass a compromise bill to raise the net metering cap before winter recess, many projects are at risk of heading off a cliff. Coupled with the Investment Tax Credit (ITC) step-down from 30% to 10% for commercial projects, the delay in raising the net metering cap may jeopardize the installations of over 115 MW in 2016. In this Report, the Karbone Research Desk addresses the impact of these recent developments on the SREC-II market and discusses forward build rates scenarios, historical pricing trends, and the impact of legislative uncertainty on market fundamentals.
To ensure the reliability of the Mid-Atlantic grid, earlier this year PJM instituted the Capacity Performance (CP) plan. This created a regime with higher capacity revenue expectations, accompanied by more rigorous plant performance criteria and greater penalty payments. Given the 2018/2019 Base Residual Auction (BRA) results, how well has the CP achieved its goals? Can similar results be expected in future auctions? What are the broader market implications from the CP program change? In the quiet between the storm of PJM auctions this summer and end of year EFOR-D assessments, Karbone’s Research Group and Power Market Brokerage Desk have taken the opportunity to explore these considerations below.
NEPOOL Class I data showed continued generation growth across all states for almost all technologies. Generation in the most liquid markets of Massachusetts and Connecticut grew 12% and 19% in Q2 2015 over Q2 2014, respectively. New Hampshire saw the most quarter-on-quarter growth at 35%, while the less liquid Rhode Island grew 14% in Q2 ’15 against Q2’14.
The twenty-ninth Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) auction cleared at $6.02 amid sufficient demand well above the Cost Containment Reserve (CCR) trigger price of $6 per allowance. Before the auction, market participants were uncertain whether the clearing price would trigger the CCR provision and allow for the sale of 10 million allowances in addition to the initial cap offering of 15,374,294 allowances. Announcement of the full release of 2015 CCR allowances indicated mixed implications for forward supply and demand scenarios. With the market appearing to be oversupplied by almost 139 million allowances by the end of 2014, many are wondering what is causing the sufficient demand above the $6.00/tCO2 CCR trigger price, and to what extent the release of the CCR volume will impact forward market scenarios. The Karbone Research Desk addresses market fundamentals, pricing, and forward market balance concerns in this report.
Behind-The-Meter (BTM) installations continued to drive forward the New Jersey solar market, adding approximately 13 MW last month. July had no Direct Grid- Supply completions, contrary to NJCEP’s estimates of around 13 large-scale projects to be in service by July. New Jersey SREC levels experienced an uptick in price volatility in the first two months of Q3. RY 2015 and RY 2016 prices started the quarter in the mid-$230 area but ultimately traded in a range as wide as $20 since the start of July.